APRC logo

Bergamot Adulteration

Bergamot is mainly produced for the essential oil industry. Since limited quantities are available per season, bergamot oil is often adulterated. Dr. Satyal classifies adulteration by degree of sophistication.


1st degree: The first degree of adulteration is the simplest. Carrier oils, cooking oils, castor oils, or nut oils are added into an oil to dilute it. Dilution is fairly easy to detect.


2nd degree: The second degree of adulteration is the addition of synthetics from petrochemical sources such as linalool or linalyl acetate.


3rd degree: Natural synthetics, such as linalyl acetate from ho wood, terpineol-alpha from limonene, gamma terpinene from alpha-pinene, or myrcene from alpha-pinene are used to create a faux bergamot oil.


4th degree: Isolates such as linalool from ho wood, basil, or lavender are added to create a fake oil. Linalyl acetate can also be obtained from petitgrain or clary sage. Fractionally extracted isolates can be added to a bergamot oil that is not up to ISO standards.


5th degree: Similar oils such as orange, grapefruit, lemon, rosewood and bergamot mint can be used as a base to create bergamot oil. Lavender and lemon together have a similar makeup to bergamot and can be used to make bergamot oil.




APRC Blog

Stay
Informed

Services

APRC® engages with a diverse group of clients with a variety of backgrounds and needs. We are committed to providing a wide range of aromatic plant product analyses in addition to producing top-notch research and developing new technologies.

We look forward to sharing our groundbreaking discoveries as we progress in our mission to produce uncompromising research, analysis, and testing services to the broader essential oil, extracts, and products produced from aromatic plants from around the world.

© 2021 by Aromatic Plant Research Center

Aromatic Plant Research Center (APRC) is a state-of-the-art laboratory that utilizes a variety of methods to detect adulteration and confirm the purity of natural products. Our executive advisory board is internationally renowned for quality control testing and expertise within the aromatic plant industry.

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter.

APRC

Aromatic Plant Research Center

230 N 1200 E. 

Suite 100

Lehi, Utah 84043

385-484-8300

Thanks for submitting!